Drug abuse is a significant public health burden. Globally, it has been estimated that 3.5 to 5.7% of the population age 15 to 64 years, or approximately 250 million persons consumed an illicit drug once in the past year.
Celiac disease (CD) or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an autoimmune gastrointestinal (GI) and systemic immune disorder. It is characterized by inflammation and tissue remodeling in the small intestine. Immune sensitivity to gliadin, a component of gluten, and its related proteins, is the hallmark of CD.
Mercury can affect previously healthy individuals who ingest the muscles of sea- and fresh water fish that harbor toxic amounts of mercury, and others exposed to toxic dust and fumes at work sites tainted by old paint.
Autism is a prototypic pervasive childhood developmental disorder. It is usually apparent by age 3 year and characterized by the triad: limited or absent verbal communication, social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypic, or ritualized patterns of interests and behavior. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a broader term that encompasses several less severe disorders.
The view of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has changed drastically over the past decade. Originally considered a pure motor neuron disorder (MND), ALS is now viewed as a heterogeneous disorder with regard to site of onset, rate of progression, etiologic cause and pathogenesis. Survival in ALS has significantly improved due to multidisciplinary care, in large part, with earlier recognition and treatment.
Mold exposures can be neurotoxic and immunogenic leading to a variety of consequences to the body, in particular the nervous system. The route of mold exposure occurs through one of several ways: through ingestion, inhalation or direct contact with mycotoxins.