Although the subject has been debated for decades, it is still unclear whether all psychotherapies are equally efficacious. Meta-analyses of over 50 studies analyzing seven major types of psychological treatment for mild to moderate adult depression (cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT], nondirective supportive treatment, behavioral activation treatment [BAT], psychodynamic treatment, problem-solving therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, and social skills training) showed no striking differences, with the exception of interpersonal psychotherapy, that was somewhat more efficacious, and nondirective supportive treatment that was somewhat less efficacious than the others. Mindfulness-based therapy in which attention is sequentially directed throughout the body, has gained increasing appeal as a modality to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a chronic and disabling disorder with a low rate of full remission. It has been commonly assumed that pathologic anxiety is a continuing chronic course of early-onset illness, a perspective that is changing with current research.
This mood disorder is characterized by alternating states of major depression and mania characterized by low energy, impaired motivation and need for sleep, feelings of extreme sadness, failure, worthlessness, and hopelessness; while mania is accompanied by elevations in energy and mood, with racing thoughts and speech, decreased need for sleep, grandiosity, and enhanced risk taking.
Just a few years after the most recent World Health Organization report on the global burden of disease, mental health has remained a low priority in most low-income and middle-income countries. Such nations instead prioritize the control and eradication of infectious, reproductive, maternal, and child health diseases.
A nap can make you smarter, faster, and safer than you would be without it, and napping should be widely recognized as a powerful tool in battling fatigue. While the short-term effects of napping on attention, concentration, and reaction time may take effect even after a single nap, the mid- and long-term benefits of napping may only be considered in those who do so regularly.
Gun violence is a huge public health problem in the US that disproportionately affects urban areas. It claims the lives of an estimated 34,000 individuals each year through homicide, suicide, and accidental shootings.